Impact of the systemic immune-inflammation index for the prediction of prognosis and modification of the risk model in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with first-line tyrosine kinase inhibitors
Keywords:Systemic immune-inflammation index, renal cell carcinoma, overall survival, prognostic factor
Introduction: International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC) criteria are the most representative risk model for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). However, the intermediate-risk group of IMDC criteria is thought to include patients with different prognoses because many of the patients are classified into the intermediate-risk group. In this study, we investigated the impact of systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), which is calculated based on neutrophil count, platelet count, and lymphocyte count, on predicting the prognosis in patients with mRCC, and its usefulness for re-classification of patients with a more sophisticated risk model.
Methods: From January 2008 to January 2018, 179 mRCC patients with a pretreatment and SII were retrospectively investigated. All patients were classified into either a high-SII group or a low-SII group based on the cutoff value of a SII at 730, as reported in previous studies; the overall survival (OS) rates in each group were compared.
Results: The median age was 65 years old. Males and females comprised 145 and 34 cases, respectively. The categories of favorable-, intermediate-, and poor-risk groups in the IMDC model were assessed in 39, 102, and 38 cases, respectively. The median observation period was 24 months. The low-SII and high-SII groups consisted of 73 and 106 cases, respectively. The 50% OS in the high-SII group was 21.4 months, which was significantly worse than that in the low-SII group (49.7 months; p<0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that a high SII was an independent predictive factor for a worse OS. Next, we constructed a modified IMDC risk model that included the SII instead of a neutrophil count and a platelet count. By using this modified IMDC model, all cases were re-classified into four groups of 33, 52, 81, and 13 cases with 50% OS of 88.8, 45.9, 29.4, and 4.8 months, respectively.
Conclusions: The SII is useful for establishing a more sophisticated prognostic model that can stratify mRCC patients into four groups with different prognoses.
How to Cite
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.