Where to draw the line? Understanding preferences in mucosal collar length after circumcision: A crowdsourced survey from the U.S. general population
Keywords:circumcision, prepuce, mucosal collar, penis
Introduction: Male circumcision is a polarizing and prevalent procedure. Little understanding exists regarding patient preferences for circumcision appearance. Our objective was to elicit how mucosal collar length may be perceived in terms of overall cosmesis and desirability among adults.
Methods: A questionnaire using REDCap was created and distributed through Amazon Mechanical Turk. Respondents provided demographic information and circumcision status before being challenged with artistic representations of circumcised penises with increasing lengths of mucosal collar. Participants were asked to select the most and least esthetically pleasing image, as well as rate the “importance of appearance” from 0–100. Responses were analyzed with ordinal regression models.
Results: Preference for shorter mucosal collars were seen in respondents with a postgraduate education (p=0.013) and no religious affiliation (p=0.034). In contrast, participants reporting a religious affiliation preferred longer mucosal collars (p=0.034). Circumcised males rated appearance as being more important (p=0.001) in contrast to uncircumcised males who did not (p=0.001). Circumcised fathers were more likely to circumcise their sons relative to uncircumcised fathers (p<0.05) and women preferred circumcision (p<0.05).
Conclusions: Our study revealed polarized esthetic preferences in the sample as a whole, with large proportions of respondents selecting the longest or shortest collar length. Preferences regarding mucosal collar length appear to be most influenced by education and religion. Overall, our study did not observe a predominant preference for mucosal collar length following circumcision. Surgeons should engage patients and/or caregivers/parents preoperatively in discussions regarding preferences and desired cosmetic outcomes.
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