Patterns of care for renal surgery: Underutilization of nephron-sparing procedures
Background: Nephron-sparing procedures are well-described, provide similar oncologic outcomes to nephrectomy, and potentially decrease morbidity as compared to nephrectomy.
Methods: We analyzed academic and community health system data from Virginia and Kentucky to evaluate the utilization and cost of nephron-sparing procedures. Primary International Classification of Disease (ICD-9) diagnosis and procedure codes were employed to target subjects of interest.
Results: In total, we analyzed 3809 subjects from Virginia and 3163 subjects from Kentucky between 2004 and 2009 who underwent treatment of a malignant renal mass. There has been a 6.1% and 14.8% decrease in nephrectomy utilization in Virginia and Kentucky, respectively, since 2004. In 2009, 71.4% and 68.8% of all procedures for the treatment of renal masses were radical nephrectomies. The proportion of nephron-sparing procedures has increased in academic (20%) and community (15%) health systems since 2004. The difference in cost between nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy and ablative therapy in Virginia and Kentucky hospitals was negligible (p > 0.05).
Conclusions: Nephron-sparing procedures have been increasingly employed over the last 6 years, but are still underutilized. There does not appear to be a significant cost difference in the treatment of renal masses with nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy or ablative therapies.
How to Cite
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.