The role of bariatric surgery on kidney transplantation: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Introduction: Obesity (body mass index [BMI] >35 kg/m2) remains a relative contraindication for kidney transplant, while patients after kidney transplantation (KTX) are predisposed to obesity. The present study aims to investigate the role of bariatric surgery in improving transplant candidacy in patients prior to KTX, as well its safety and efficacy in KTX patients postoperatively.
Methods: A systematic search was conducted up to March 2020. Both comparative and non-comparative studies investigating the role of bariatric surgery before or after KTX were considered. Outcomes included change in BMI, rates of mortality and complications, and the rate of patients who underwent KTX following bariatric surgery. Pooled estimates were calculated using the random effects meta-analysis of proportions.
Results: Twenty-one studies were eligible for final review; 11 studies investigated the role of bariatric surgery before KTX. The weighted mean BMI was 43.4 (5.7) kg/m2 at baseline and 33.9 (6.3) kg/m2 at 29.1 months followup. After bariatric surgery, 83% (95% confidence interval [CI] 57–99) were successfully listed for KTX and 83% (95% CI 65–97) patients subsequently received successful KTX. Ten studies investigated the role of bariatric surgery after kidney transplant. Weighted mean baseline BMI was 43.8 (2.2) kg/m2 and mean BMI at 19.5 months followup was 34.2 (6.7) kg/m2. Overall, all-cause 30-day mortality was 0.5% for both those who underwent bariatric surgery before or after receiving a KTX. The results of this study are limited by the inclusion of only non-randomized studies, limited followup, and high heterogeneity.
Conclusions: Bariatric surgery may be safe and effective in reducing weight to improve KTX candidacy in patients with severe obesity and can also be used safely following KTX.
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.