Enhanced recovery after cystectomy in patients with preoperative narcotic use

Authors

  • Saum Ghodoussipour
  • Alireza Ghoreifi University of Southern California https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7368-7240
  • Behdod Katebian
  • Brian H. Cameron
  • Anirban P. Mitra
  • Jie Cai
  • Gus Miranda
  • Anne K. Schuckman
  • Siamak Daneshmand
  • Hooman Djaladat

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.7007

Keywords:

Cystectomy;, patient readmission;, recovery of function;, narcotics;, pain

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of radical cystectomy with an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol in patients with a history of chronic preoperative narcotic use compared to narcotic-naive patients.

Methods: We identified 553 patients who underwent open radical cystectomy with ERAS. Preoperative narcotic use was identified in 34 patients who were then matched to 68 narcotic-naive patients. Postoperative outcomes, opioid use, and visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores were analyzed and compared. All routes of opioid use were recorded and converted to a morphine equivalent dose (MED).

Results: Patients with preoperative narcotic use reported higher median VAS pain scores per day (POD1: 5.2 vs. 3.9, p=0.003; POD2: 5.1 vs. 3.6, p<0.001; POD3: 4.6 vs. 3.8, p=0.004) and used significantly more opioids (median MED) per day (POD1: 13.2 vs. 10.0, p=0.02; POD2: 11.3 vs. 6.4, p=0.003; POD3: 10.2 vs. 5.0, p=0.005) following surgery. Preoperative narcotic users were noted to have a significantly higher incidence of 90-day readmissions (41.2% vs. 20.6%, p=0.03). There was no difference in median hospital stay (4 vs. 4 days, p=0.6), 30- or 90-day complications (64.7% vs. 60.3%, p=0.8 and 82.4% vs. 75.0%, p=0.4, respectively) or gastrointestinal complications (29.4% vs. 26.5%, p=0.8), including postoperative ileus (11.8% vs. 20.6%, p=0.2).

Conclusions: Patients with preoperative narcotic exposure report higher pain scores and require more opioid use following radical cystectomy with ERAS and are more likely to be readmitted within 90 days. However, there was no observed difference in hospital stay or complications.

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Published

2021-05-11

How to Cite

Ghodoussipour, S. ., Ghoreifi, A., Katebian, B. ., Cameron, B. H. ., Mitra, A. P. ., Cai, J., Miranda, G., Schuckman, A. K., Daneshmand, S., & Djaladat, H. (2021). Enhanced recovery after cystectomy in patients with preoperative narcotic use. Canadian Urological Association Journal, 15(11). https://doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.7007

Issue

Section

Original Research