Single-night stay for open radical prostatectomy
Keywords:prostate cancer; prostatectomy; RALP; length of stay; enhanced recovery
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an enhanced care pathway on length of stay (LOS) for open radical prostatectomy (RP) given that robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) is not available to all patients in Canada.
Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of all RPs performed. An enhanced care pathway was established for RPs in 2011. Patients were compared in the period before (2005–2010) and after (2011–2019) the introduction of the pathway.
Results: During the study period, 581 RPs were performed by a single surgeon with a median followup of 66.9 months (range 3–176). A total of 211 (36.3%) RPs were performed from 2005–2010, while 370 (63.9%) were performed from 2011–2019. The median age at RP was 65 years (range 44–81). Following the introduction of an enhanced care pathway, there were significant decreases in intraoperative blood loss (350 ml vs. 200 ml; p=0.0001) and the use of surgical drains (90% vs. 9.5%; p=0.0001). The median LOS over the whole study period was one day (range 1–7), which significantly decreased with the enhanced care pathway (3 vs. 1 day; p=0.0001). Since introducing the enhanced care pathway in 2011, 344 (93%) patients were discharged day 1 following surgery. There were no differences in post-discharge presentations to the emergency department (5.7% vs. 9%; p=0.15) or 30-day readmission rates (3.8% vs. 3.8%; p=1.00).
Conclusions: A single-night stay for open RP is safe and achievable for most patients. A dedicated, multifaceted pathway is required to attain targets for a safe and timely discharge.
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