Knowledge and confidence level of Canadian urology residents toward biostatistics: A national survey
Keywords:biostatistics, epidemiology, evidence-based medicine, research, residents, trainees, teaching, education
Introduction: Adequate knowledge of biostatistics is essential for healthcare providers to stay up to date with medical advances and maintain an evidence-based practice. However, training in clinical research in Canadian residency programs varies considerably. Our study aimed to determine Canadian urology trainees’ knowledge of biostatistics and interpretation of the scientific literature.
Methods: We conducted a national survey of all Canadian urology residents and fellows, which assessed experiences with biostatistics, self-reported confidence with statistical questions, and knowledge of biostatistical concepts.
Results: Out of 201 urology trainees, 74 (36.8%) responded to the survey. The majority of respondents disagreed or strongly disagreed with the fact that they had sufficient training in biostatistics in medical school (67.6%) or that their current knowledge was sufficient for the rest of their career (66.1%). If given the chance, 82.3% of respondents would like to learn more about biostatistics. About half of respondents were able to correctly identify ordinal variables (51.5%), discrete variables (52.9%), or interpret adjusted odds ratios (50.0%). Despite senior residents reporting more confidence on biostatistical questions, our results did not demonstrate significant differences in overall knowledge according to level of training or experience with biostatistics.
Conclusions: Our results identified important knowledge gaps among current Canadian urology trainees. Most trainees do not believe they have sufficient training in biostatistics. Knowledge of basic statistical concepts was lower than expected and did not significantly differ according to level of training. Our results highlight the need for structured, dedicated training in biostatistics for urology trainees within the new Competence by Design teaching framework.
How to Cite
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.