Perioperative complications and oncological outcomes following radical cystectomy among different racial groups: A long-term, single-center study
Introduction: Current literature on perioperative and oncological outcomes following radical cystectomy among different racial groups is limited, especially among Hispanics and Asians. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of racial differences on perioperative and oncological outcomes in a large cohort of bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 3293 patients who underwent radical cystectomy with curative intent at our institution between 1971 and 2017. Based on race, patients were categorized as Hispanic (n=190), Asian (n=145), African American (n=67), and Caucasian (n=2891). Baseline characteristics, pericystectomy complications, and oncological outcomes, including recurrence-free and overall survival, were compared between the racial groups.
Results: Mean patient age was 68±10.6 years. Median followup was 10.28 years. Body masss index and American Society of Anesthesiologists scores were significantly higher in Hispanic and African American population, and smoking incidence was lower in Asian patients. Hispanics presented with significantly higher clinical stage and longer time interval from diagnosis to treatment (mean 85.5 vs. 75.4 days in Caucasians, p<0.001). Overall 90-day complication and readmission rates were higher in Hispanics (41.06% and 18.95%, respectively). Oncological outcomes, however, were comparable between different race groups. In multivariate analysis, pathological nodal status and lymphovascular invasion were independent predictors of oncological outcomes, but race was not.
Conclusions: In this very large, ethnically diverse patient cohort who underwent radical cystectomy with curative intent, pericystectomy complications were more common in Hispanics; however, race was not an independent predictor of long-term oncological outcome.
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