Exploring the patterns of practice and satisfaction among female urologists in Canada
Keywords:Women in urology, women in surgery, gender, satisfaction, barriers, leadership, mentorship
Introduction: Our aim was to explore the satisfaction, personal and professional challenges, and practice barriers among female urologists in Canada.
Methods: A literature review was completed to design our survey. Trends with respect to career and personal satisfaction were identified, including academic advancement, mentorship, professional challenges, workplace discrimination, family satisfaction, and remuneration, among others. These key themes were formatted into 44 questions, translated into French, and distributed electronically as a survey to 80 female urology staff across Canada.
Results: Sixty (75.0%) women completed the survey. Many had been in practice <5 years (44.1%) and 72.9% completed a fellowship. Overall, 96.6% of women were very or somewhat satisfied with their career. Seeing more time-consuming patients and financial constraints within the healthcare system were the greatest source of dissatisfaction. Two-thirds of respondents reported that they received significant mentorship and 40% found it difficult to find a mentor during their training. Overall, 65.0% experienced gender discrimination, most commonly from a colleague or a patient. Women who practiced in the community were more likely to report experiencing discrimination compared to women practicing in an academic setting (78.1% vs. 51.9%; p=0.034). Mean time for maternity leave was 17.1 (±8.3) weeks, and 30.2% reported a pregnancy-related complication triggered by their work. Overall, 66.1% would choose urology again.
Conclusions: It is important to advocate for the wellness of female urologists. To accomplish this, we need to address the challenges revealed in the survey, including supporting women on maternity leave, improving mentorship, and prioritizing female urology leadership initiatives. We have established a formal circle of support within the urology community in Canada to achieve these goals.
How to Cite
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.