A randomized, controlled trial of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation to treat overactive bladder and neurogenic bladder patients
Introduction: We aimed to determine if transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) is effective at treating overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms among neurogenic and non-neurogenic patients.
Methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. Adult patients were recruited from one of two groups: 1) women with OAB; and 2) patients with neurogenic disease and bladder symptoms. The intervention was stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve, for 30 minutes, three times per week for 12 weeks at home using transcutaneous patch electrodes. The primary outcome was improvement of the patient perception of bladder condition (PPBC). We used ANCOVA (with adjustment for baseline values) and followed the intention-to-treat principle; we reported marginal means (MM) and a p<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: We recruited 50 patients (OAB n=20, neurogenic bladder n=30); 24 were allocated to the sham group and 26 to the active TTNS group. Baseline characteristics in both groups were similar. At the end of the study, there was no significant difference in the PPBC between sham or active groups: 13% (3/24) of sham patients and 15% (4/26) of active TTNS patients were responders (p=0.77), and the MM of the end-of-study PPBC score was 3.3 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.8–3.7) vs. 2.9 (95% CI 2.5–3.4), respectively (p=0.30). Similarly, there were no significant differences in secondary outcomes (24-hour pad weight, voiding diary parameters, or condition-specific patient-reported outcomes). The results were similar within the OAB and neurogenic bladder subgroups.
Conclusions: TTNS does not appear to be effective for treating urinary symptoms of people with OAB or neurogenic bladder dysfunction.
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.