Robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy: Initial Canadian experience
Keywords:prolapse, apical repair, robotic, sacrocolpopexy
Introduction: Abdominal sacrocolpopexy provides effective longterm outcomes for apical pelvic organ prolapse. The introduction of robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (RALS) has mitigated the risks of abdominal surgery. This study aims to evaluate the preoperative patient characteristics, intraoperative surgical parameters, and postoperative outcomes of RALS, which has not been previously performed in Canada.
Methods: A retrospective chart review of 47 patients who have undergone RALS from 2016–2018 by a single surgeon at a tertiary care hospital in Canada was completed.
Results: This case series had a mean age of 60.2 years, body mass index (BMI) of 28.3 kg/m2, and Charlson comorbidity index of 2.0. Preoperatively, 13 (28%), 23 (49%), and 11 (23%) patients had Baden-Walker grade 2, 3, and 4 apical prolapse, respectively. Intraoperatively, 45 (96%) patients underwent concomitant procedures, including 36 (77%) with adnexal surgery, 32 (68%) with anti-incontinence surgery, and 25 (53%) with hysterectomy. Intraoperative complications included one ureteric injury, two bladder injuries, and three vaginotomies. The mean robotic console time, surgery time, and total operating room times were 125.6, 148.6, and 190.6 minutes, respectively. Postoperatively, data was analyzed for 32 (68%) patients with greater than 12 weeks’ followup. There was no recurrence of apical prolapse on exam after a mean followup of 60.1 weeks. Seven (22%) patients experienced symptomatic prolapse in the posterior compartment. There were two grade 3 Clavien- Dindo complications, including osteomyelitis and mesh exposure.
Conclusions: RALS can be safely and effectively performed with other pelvic procedures with good outcomes. Concurrent posterior repairs may be considered in select patients.
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