Evaluation of inter-professional communication and leadership skills among graduating Canadian urology residents
Keywords:Medical education, communication skills, leadership skills, multisource feedback
Introduction: The importance of developing inter-professional communication and leadership skills among residents is well-recognized; however, formal tools to assess these skills are lacking. The goal of our study was to assess the leader and communicator roles in graduating urology residents using a validated selfassessment form developed for business students that focuses on inter-professional skills.
Methods: Chief residents (n=36) were evaluated with surveys of communication and leadership skills. The same surveys were administered through email to the residents’ program directors (PDs). Resident self-assessment and PD assessment were compared using paired and non-paired t-tests.
Results: Graduating urology residents’ self-assessment of their communication and leadership skills did not differ from assessments made by their PDs (77.6 vs. 74.4%; p=0.19); however, there were outlier candidates in whom PD assessment differed substantially from self-assessment on both surveys. Graduating urology residents scored themselves higher on self-awareness (82.6 vs. 77%; p=0.05) and lower on stress management (67.7 vs. 77%; p=0.01) compared to their PDs. Resident self-assessment scores were similar to business students on both communication and leadership surveys. Limitations were the small sample size and lack of survey evaluation by those surveyed.
Conclusions: Graduating urology residents’ self-assessment of their own communication and leadership skills did not differ greatly from assessment by their PDs or a sample of business students. Comparison of self-assessment evaluations and evaluations by PDs allowed us to identify outliers in whom self-assessment and PD assessment markedly differed, which may allow for more focused and meaningful feedback.
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