Dual usage of a stone basket: Stone capture and retropulsion prevention
Introduction: Stone migration during ureteroscopy (URS) for proximal ureteric calculi is a constant challenge. Several retropulsion prevention devices have been developed to optimize URS outcomes. Our technique involves capturing the stone within a fourwire Nitinol stone basket and then performing laser lithotripsy to dust the stone while it is engaged in the basket. The dusted fragments wash out with the irrigation fluid and once small enough, the remaining stone is removed intact.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all proximal semi-rigid URS procedures for a solitary calculus (2000– 2016). We compared our new technique introduced in 2010 to URS control procedures that did not use retropulsion prevention techniques or devices.
Results: One hundred and forty patients underwent URS for proximal ureteric calculi. Mean stone diameter was 9.3±3.4 mm, with similar impaction rate between both groups (44.1% vs. 43.1% control; p=n/s). The mean surgical procedure time was 53.3±17.9 minutes for the new technique and 65.2±29.2 minutes for the control group (p=0.005). Compared to the new technique, the control group had a higher rate of retropulsion (33.3% vs. 14.7%; p=0.01) and required flexible URS more often to exclude or remove residual fragments (24.1% vs. 59.1%; p=0.001). Using the new technique, stone-free rates were higher (79.1% vs. 69.4%; p=n/s) and there was a lower likelihood of leaving residual fragments both <3 mm and ≥3 mm (p=0.001).
Conclusions: Our novel technique results in shorter operative times, lower retropulsion rates, and decreases postoperative residual stone fragments.
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.