The role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio as a prognostic indicator in patients undergoing nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma
Introduction: Prognosis in patients with cancer is influenced by underlying tumour biology and also the host inflammatory response to the disease. There is limited evidence to suggest that an elevated neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) predicts a poorer prognosis in patients undergoing nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The aim of this paper is to investigate if patients undergoing nephrectomy for RCC with NLR ≤4 have a better overall and recurrence-free survival than patients with NLR >4.
Methods: All patients who underwent nephrectomy at a single centre between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014 were identified. Patients were included if postoperative histology demonstrated RCC and if preoperative NLR was available. Patients were excluded if nephrectomy was not curative intent (i.e., cytoreductive nephrectomy), if primary tumour was graded to be T3b‒4 disease, if there was presence of nodal or metastatic disease on preoperative staging, or if adequate followup notes were not available. Primary and secondary outcomes were overall survival and recurrence-free survival, respectively.
Results: A total of 154 patients were included in analysis of overall survival; 146 patients were included in analysis of recurrence-free survival. Patients with NLR ≤4 had a much better overall survival than patients with NLR >4 (95% vs. 78%; p=0.0219). Patients with NLR >4 also had higher rates of recurrence (p=0.0218).
Conclusions: NLR may be a useful tool in identifying patients who may benefit from more frequent surveillance in the early postoperative period and may allow clinicians to offer surveillance schemes tailored to the individual patient.
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.