Incidence of bleeding in children undergoing circumcision with ketorolac administration
Introduction: Circumcision is the most common surgical procedure performed by pediatric urologists. Ketorolac has been shown to have an efficacy similar to morphine in multimodal analgesic regimens without the commonly associated adverse effects. Concerns with perioperative bleeding limit the use of ketorolac as an adjunct for pain control in surgical patients. As such, we sought to evaluate our institutional outcomes with respect to ketorolac and postoperative bleeding.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all pediatric patients undergoing circumcision from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015 at the Alberta Children’s Hospital. Demographics, perioperative analgesic regimens, and return to emergency department or clinic for bleeding were gathered through chart review.
Results: A total of 475 patients undergoing circumcisions were studied, including 150 (32%) who received perioperative ketorolac and 325 (68%) who received standard analgesia. Patients receiving ketorolac were more likely to return to the emergency department or clinic for bleeding (ketorolac group 19/150 [13%], non-ketorolac group 16/325 [5.0%]; p=0.005). Patients receiving ketorolac were more likely to have postoperative sanguineous drainage (ketorolac group 96/150 [64%], non-ketorolac group 150/325 [46%]; p<0.001). There was no significant difference in the number of patients requiring postoperative admission or further medical intervention.
Conclusions: Although a promising analgesic, ketorolac requires additional investigation for safe usage in circumcisions due to possible increased risk of bleeding.
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