Treatment options in advanced renal cell carcinoma after first-line treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors

  • Naveen S. Basappa

Abstract

Targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) was introduced a decade ago, and since then a number of therapeutic options have been developed. Vascular endothelial growth factor targeted therapy is the widely accepted first-line option for mRCC. After progression, treatment in the second-line setting has typically been with either axitinib or everolimus. However, with the advent of several new agents demonstrating efficacy in the second-line setting, including nivolumab, cabozantinib, and the combination of lenvatinib and everolimus, the treatment paradigm has shifted toward these novel therapies with improved patient outcomes.

Published
2016-12-15
How to Cite
Basappa, N. S. (2016). Treatment options in advanced renal cell carcinoma after first-line treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Canadian Urological Association Journal, 10(11-12), S242-4. https://doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.4292