A prospective evaluation of obesometric parameters associated with renal stone recurrence

Derek Bos, Shawn Dason, Edward Matsumoto, Jehonathan Pinthus, Christopher Allard


Introduction: Our aim was to evaluate whether obesometric serum hormones and body fat distribution are associated with renal stone recurrence.

Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of participants undergoing renal stone (RS) intervention at a single institution from November 2009‒June 2010 and followed them for a median 62 months. Obesometric parameters were measured at baseline, including body mass index (BMI), fasting serum leptin and adiponectin, and proportion of visceral adipose tissue (%VAT) averaged from three fixed axial computed tomography (CT) slices. The primary study outcome was stone recurrence.

Results: A total of 110 participants were enrolled. Elevated %VAT was associated RS recurrence; participants with %VAT in the highest quartile had a five-year stone-free rate of 47.1% compared to 72.2% among other participants (p=0.004). Adjusting for gender, elevated %VAT was independently predictive of renal stone recurrence among initial stone formers (n=74; hazard ratio [HR] 4.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08‒19.02), but not among recurrent stone formers (n=19; HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.054‒4.72). Other obesometric factors, including leptin, adiponectin, and BMI, were not significantly predictive of recurrence.

Conclusions: We report a novel association between an elevated %VAT and stone recurrence. These findings may inform patient counselling and followup regimens. The metabolic basis for these findings requires further investigation.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.3876