Persistence and adherence with the new beta-3 receptor agonist, mirabegron, versus antimuscarinics in overactive bladder: Early experience in Canada
Introduction: Antimuscarinics are the principal pharmacological treatment for overactive bladder (OAB), but frequently give rise to anticholinergic side effects, such as dry mouth, a factor leading to poor persistence. The ß3-adrenoceptor agonist mirabegron is devoid of significant anticholinergic activity, while being effective in OAB. We evaluated persistence and adherence with mirabegron versus antimuscarinics over 12 months.
Methods: We obtained retrospective claims from a Canadian Private Drug Plan database for patients 18 years old and over, with a first claim for mirabegron or antimuscarinics during a 6-month index period (April–September 2013). A 6-month look-back identified those with no prior claims for OAB medication (treatmentnaïve) or ≥1 prior OAB drug (treatment-experienced). Time to end of persistence (≥30 day therapy gap or switch of therapy) was evaluated over 12 months; adherence with medication (medication possession ratio) was also measured.
Results: Persistence data from 19 485 patients (74% female, 92% naïve, 19.9% aged ≥65 years) showed that for experienced patients the median number of days on mirabegron was 299 days, compared with a range of 96 to 242 days for the different antimuscarinics; for naïve patients, it was 196 versus 70 to 100 days, respectively. Persistence at 12 months was for mirabegron 39% versus 14% to 35% for antimuscarinics, (experienced) and 30% mirabegron versus 14% to 21% antimuscarinics, (naïve). Patients taking mirabegron demonstrated statistically significantly greater adherence than those taking antimuscarinics.
Conclusion: Patients who received mirabegron remained longer on treatment than those treated with antimuscarinics, and had higher 12-month persistence and adherence rates.
You, the Author(s), assign your copyright in and to the Article to the Canadian Urological Association. This means that you may not, without the prior written permission of the CUA:
- Post the Article on any Web site
- Translate or authorize a translation of the Article
- Copy or otherwise reproduce the Article, in any format, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so
- Copy or otherwise reproduce portions of the Article, including tables and figures, beyond what is permitted under Canadian copyright law, or authorize others to do so.
The CUA encourages use for non-commercial educational purposes and will not unreasonably deny any such permission request.
You retain your moral rights in and to the Article. This means that the CUA may not assert its copyright in such a way that would negatively reflect on your reputation or your right to be associated with the Article.
The CUA also requires you to warrant the following:
- That you are the Author(s) and sole owner(s), that the Article is original and unpublished and that you have not previously assigned copyright or granted a licence to any other third party;
- That all individuals who have made a substantive contribution to the article are acknowledged;
- That the Article does not infringe any proprietary right of any third party and that you have received the permissions necessary to include the work of others in the Article; and
- That the Article does not libel or violate the privacy rights of any third party.