On-table urethral catheterisation during laparoscopic appendicectomy: Is it necessary?
Keywords:Iatrogenic, Bladder injury, laparoscopic, complications, appendicectomy
Introduction: Laparoscopic appendicectomy (LA) is the most commonly performed surgical emergency procedure. The aim of this study was to highlight a series of iatrogenic bladder injuries during LA and suggest a simple method of prevention.
Methods: A retrospective review was carried out of all LA performed in a university teaching hospital over a two year period 2012-2013. Iatrogenic visceral injuries were identified and operative notes examined.
Results: During the study period 1124 appendicectomies were performed. Four iatrogenic bladder injuries occurred related to secondary trocar insertion. No patient was catheterised preoperatively. One of the injuries was identified intra-operatively, another in the early postoperative period where as two re-presented acutely unwell post-discharge from hospital. Three were repaired by laparotomy and one laparoscopically.
Conclusion: Iatrogenic secondary trocar induced bladder injuries are a rare but preventable and potentially serious complication of LA. Urethral catheterisation during LA is a safe and simple method which can prevent this complication.
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