BeTTer Outcomes Workgroup Health Quality Initiative to optimize bone health for prostate cancer patients in the British Columbia Cancer System
Keywords:Health quality improvement, bone-targeted therapy, prostate cancer, bone health, bone metastases
Introduction: Bone-targeted therapies (BTTs) are integral to the management of bone metastases in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). BTTs vary considerably in referral and drug access pathways and optimal BTT use requires multi-specialty consultation and supervision. Health quality improvement (HQI) has become the predominant framework to improve patient care in multidisciplinary settings.
Methods: HQI initiatives on use of BTT in mCRPC were developed and evaluated in five centers of a provincial cancer center network using Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) methodology. Multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) completed a common quality assessment form and an HQI template and then implemented an HQI initiative. Feedback and findings were shared and discussed at regional events. It was subsequently determined whether to adopt, adapt, or abandon initiatives.
Results: Patterns of unmet needs varied across type of BTT. Gaps in use of radium-223 were mostly referral and education issues that could be directly addressed at the local level by participating clinician teams. Conversely, most supportive BTT gaps were related to coverage and resourcing support. HQI initiatives selected by each site consisted of implementation or expansion of local MDT meetings, referral documents, databases, and improvement charters. The main HQI initiative was completed in four sites and was adapted or adopted in three. Improvements in BTT use were observed in two of three centers with data on HQI process measures.
Conclusions: Despite the overall heterogenous structure of the groups and metrics used, this study demonstrated that the PDSA framework provides the needed structure for improvements in BTT use in mCRPC across multiple sites.
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