Assessment of the epidemiological trends for prostate cancer using administrative data in Ontario


  • Fred Saad Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal
  • Bimal Bhindi Section of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Calgary
  • Krista Noonan BC Cancer-Surrey, University of British Columbia
  • Michael Ong
  • Kimberly Castellano Janssen Inc
  • Alexandra Kourkounakis Janssen Inc
  • Christopher J.D. Wallis Department of Urology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center & Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital & University of Toronto



population-based study, prostate cancer, epidemiology


INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown fluctuations in prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and prevalence over time and by region. Less is known about the most recent epidemiological trends by PCa disease stage.

METHODS: This study was a population-based, sequential, cross-sectional analysis that used administrative health data from Ontario, Canada. After inclusion, patients were classified into non-metastatic (nm) PCa and metastatic (m) PCa. The primary study outcome was a description of temporal trends in the incidence and prevalence of PCa over the study period (2010–2019), stratified by disease state. Crude incidence and prevalence rates were estimated for each year in the study period.

RESULTS: Overall, there were 131 718 men living with PCa in 2019. The incident cohort contained 86 123 patients with nmPCa (n=65 691, 76.3%), mPCa (n=8431, 9.8%), or unknown stage (n=12 001, 13.9%). The prevalence increased from 216 to 253 per 10 000 men between 2010 and 2019, respectively. Between 2011 and 2014, overall PCa incidence decreased from 20.9 to 15.4 per 10 000 men, followed by an increase to 18.8 per 10 000 in 2018. The nmPCa incidence rate was considerably higher compared with mPCa and followed a trend similar to the overall incidence. In contrast, the incidence rate for mPCa demonstrated a continuous increase from 1.5 per 10 000 in 2010 to 2.4 per 10 000 in 2018.

CONCLUSIONS: The overall prevalence of PCa has risen steadily over the last decade, despite fluctuations in nmPCa incidence. The concurrent rise in mPCa and nmPCa requires further study regarding the burden of localized and systemic treatment.


Download data is not yet available.



How to Cite

Saad, F., Bhindi, B., Noonan, K., Ong, M., Castellano, K., Kourkounakis, A., & Wallis, C. J. (2022). Assessment of the epidemiological trends for prostate cancer using administrative data in Ontario. Canadian Urological Association Journal, 17(4), 85–91.



Original Research