The evolving role of germline genetic testing and management in prostate cancer: Report from the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre International Retreat
Keywords:Prostatic Neoplasms, Genetics, Risk Factors, Clinical Conference
Introduction: Prostate cancer is a significant cause of cancer mortality. It has been well-established that certain germline pathogenic variants confer both an increased risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer and dying of prostate cancer.1 There are exciting developments in both the availability of genetic testing and opportunities for improved treatment of patients. On August 19, 2020, the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre in Toronto, Ontario, hosted a virtual retreat, bringing together international experts in urology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, medical genetics, and translational research, as well as a patient representative. We are pleased to provide this manuscript as a review of those proceedings for Canadian clinicians.
Recommendations: We drafted several recommendations for future research and policy action based on this meeting:
1) Need for increased access to funding for germline testing for the common genetic disorders associated with increased risk of prostate cancer.
2) A need for increased research into identifying genetic factors influencing risk stratification, treatment response, and outcomes of prostate cancer within Canadian populations at increased genetic risk for prostate cancer.
3) Need for increased awareness about genetic risk factors among the Canadian public.
4) Need for research on patient perspectives and psychosocial outcomes in individuals identified to be at increased genetic risk of prostate cancer.
5) We support the creation of specialized multidisciplinary clinics that specialize in tailored care for patients at increased genetic risk of prostate cancer.
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