Biopsychosocial predictors of suicide risk in patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome
Keywords:Pain, Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome, suicide, prevelance, predictors
Introduction: The impact of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is prevalent and severe. Studies examining the IC/BPS prevalence and predictors of suicide risk are limited by their lack of theoretically relevant suicide research variables. This research reports suicide risk prevalence and its biopsychosocial predictors for a community IC/BPS sample.
Methods: Self-identified female patients suffering from IC/BPS (n=813; 18–80 years, mean 46.60, standard deviation [SD] 14.10) recruited from online IC/BPS support groups completed measures of demographic, pain, symptoms, and psychosocial variables. Descriptive statistics, correlations, and multivariable logistic regressions examined prevalence, variable associations, and suicide risk prediction.
Results: Suicide risk prevalence was 38.1%. Suicide risk was associated with greater odds for exposure to suicide, psychache, hopelessness, and perceived burdensomeness to others. Further, examining suicide risk by levels of pain showed that exposure to suicide and hopelessness were consistent suicide risk predictors across pain levels; psychache for lower levels of pain, depression in moderate levels of pain, and perceived burdensomeness in moderate and severe pain levels.
Conclusions: The high prevalence of suicide risk is alarming and signifies an imperative for recognizing this risk within the IC/BPS population. The identified psychosocial risk factors may be used in refining screening and treatment, and in directing future IC/ BPS research.
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