Kidney transplant outcomes after medical assistance in dying


  • Patrick P. Luke LHSC
  • Anton Skaro
  • Alp Sener
  • Ephraim Tang
  • Max Levine
  • Samir Sami
  • John Basmaji
  • Ian Ball



medical assitance in dying, euthanasia, kidney transplantation, deceased donor


Introduction: After nearly four years of Canadian experience with medical assistance in dying (MAID), the clinical volume of organ transplantation following MAID remains low. This is the first Canadian report evaluating recipient outcomes from kidney transplantation following MAID.

Methods: This was a retrospective review of the first nine cases of kidney transplants following MAID at a Canadian transplant center.

Results: Nine patients underwent MAID followed by kidney retrieval during the study period. Their diagnoses were largely neuromuscular diseases. The mean warm ischemic time was 20 minutes (standard deviation [SD] 7). The nine recipients had a mean age of 60 (SD 19.7). The mean cold ischemic time was 525 minutes (SD 126). Delayed graft function occurred in only one patient out of nine. The mean 30-day creatinine was 124 umol/L (SD 52). The mean three-month creatinine was 115 umol/L (SD 29).

Conclusions: We report nine cases of kidney transplantation following MAID. The process minimized warm ischemia, resulting in low delayed graft function rates, and acceptable post-transplant outcomes. Further large-scale research is necessary to optimize processes and outcomes in this novel clinical pathway.


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Author Biography

Patrick P. Luke, LHSC

Professor of Surgery




How to Cite

Luke, P. P., Skaro, A., Sener, A., Tang, E., Levine, M., Sami, S., Basmaji, J. ., & Ball, I. (2021). Kidney transplant outcomes after medical assistance in dying. Canadian Urological Association Journal, 16(2), E108–10.



Research Letter