Costovertebral angle as a novel tool for predicting the thoracic complication risk following percutaneous nephrolithotomy requiring supracostal access
Keywords:Costovertebral angle, Percutaneous nephrolithotomy, Renal stone, Supracostal access, Thoracic complication
Introduction: The objective of this study was to determine whether the costovertebral angle (CVA) and other factors can predict the risk of thoracic complications following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
Methods: The data of patients who underwent prone PCNL with supracostal access at Suleyman Demirel University Hospital between January 2015 and December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients’ demographics information (age, sex, body mass index [BMI], stone size, and stone location), operative data (supracostal access site, renal puncture site, and laterality), and postoperative thoracic complications (pleural injury) were evaluated. The CVA was measured on preoperative posteroanterior chest X-ray images. The mean CVA of patients with and without thoracic complications was evaluated.
Results: A total of 89 patients (mean age 46.12±15.66 years; 59 men and 30 women) with supracostal access were included in the study. Thoracic complications occurred in 17 (19.1%) patients. Nine (52.9%) hemothorax cases, five (29.4%) pneumothorax cases, and three (17.7%) urinothorax cases were detected. There was a statistically significant difference in the complication rate compared to the percutaneous access site (10th–11th supracostal vs. 11th–12th supracostal, p=0.004). The mean CVA was significantly lower in patients with complications (45.47±3.59) than in those without complications (53.26±5.98) (p=0.000). No association was found (p>0.05) with age, sex, BMI, laterality, stone surface area, and access site among patients with and without thoracic complications.
Conclusions: Preoperative CVA can be an effective tool in predicting the risk of postoperative thoracic complications.
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