Location of residence and mortality for patients diagnosed with Fournier’s gangrene
Keywords:sepsis, fournier's gangrene, ICU, manitoba, FG, septic shock, mortality, rural, urban, location of residency, rural vs urban
Introduction: Fournier’s gangrene (FG) is a necrotizing infection of the genitalia. Time from to surgical intervention is a critical determinant of prognosis. We sought to investigate whether patients from rural locations have worse clinical outcomes given distance from a tertiary center.
Methods: The Manitoba Intensive Care Unit (ICU) registry includes patients who have been admitted into ICUs across Manitoba. We identified patients admitted with FG from February 1999 to October 2019. Age, gender, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), presence of colostomy and scrotal debridement, length of stay (LOS), and mortality outcomes were obtained. Patients were categorized as being rural or urban.
Results: From 1999–2019, a total of 79 patients were admitted with FG. The median age was 60 years [interquartile range [IQR] 48–67). The mortality rate during hospitalization was 16.5%. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of deaths for patients from urban vs. rural dwellings (9/47 [19.1%] vs. 4/32 [12.5%], p=0.434]. A comparison of the 66 (83.5%) patients that survived and the 13 (16.5%) that died during ICU hospitalization demonstrated no difference in age, gender, CCI, presence of colostomy, and rates of scrotal re-debridement (p>0.05). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that living in a rural area was not associated with increased mortality (odds ratio 0.64, 95% confidence interval 00.16–2.57, p=0.527).
Conclusions: Location of residence was not predictive of death from FG. In addition, baseline characteristics such as age, gender, CCI, surgical interventions, or LOS were not found to be associated with mortality.
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