Surgical management of benign prostatic obstruction: 20-year population-level trends
Keywords:Benign Prostatic Enlargement, TURP, Endoscopic Laser Prostatectomy
Introduction: Benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) due to histological benign prostatic hyperplasia is highly prevalent among older men. Despite widespread use of medical therapy, surgical treatment remains a mainstay in the management of BPO. We sought to characterize trends in the surgical management of BPO in Ontario, Canada.
Methods: We performed an interrupted time-series analysis using segmented regression among men aged 18 years and older undergoing surgical treatment for BPO between January 1, 1994 and December 31, 2014 in Ontario, Canada. The passage of time was considered the primary exposure. The primary outcome was the proportion of all BPO surgeries performed using each of the following modalities: transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), endoscopic laser prostatectomy, open/laparoscopic prostatectomy, and others.
Results: We identified 136 459 men who underwent BPO surgery between 1994 and 2014. The annual age-adjusted rate of BPO surgery declined significantly over time (24 to 10 per 10 000 population in 1994 and 2014, respectively). From 1994–2001, there were no significant changes in the distribution of BPO surgical modalities, with TURP the most common throughout (97.2% and 97% in 1994 and 2001, respectively). From 2002–2014, there was a significant decline in the use of TURP (92.1% to 76.9%; p=0.027) with a corresponding increase in the use of endoscopic laser prostatectomy (3.5% to 21.9%; p=0.0008).
Conclusions: This study demonstrates a shift in the management of BPO, with increasing use of endoscopic laser prostatectomy, beginning in 2002. However, TURP remains the most common treatment modality.
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