Neuropathic bladders: Investigation and treatment through their lifetime

Peter D. Metcalfe


The child with a neuropathic bladder requires lifelong dedicated care. Just as each patient presents with unique physiology, each phase of their life presents varying challenges. The primary concern for our patients is their renal health, but continence and independence also play significant roles. Most patients can be managed conservatively, but a myriad of surgical options are also available, reinforcing our emphasis on individualized care. Appropriate presurgical planning is required to ensure the right patient receives the best operation for his/her wants and needs. Furthermore, the numerous potential complications must be understood and longterm followup and surveillance is required. This review outlines the basic pathophysiology, investigations, and treatments, with a focus on the changing needs throughout their lives.

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