Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava with renal metastasis: An unusual case and diagnostic challenge
Leiomyosarcomas are exceedingly rare malignant tumours with a very poor prognosis. We present a 78-year-old patient with a small renal and paracaval mass. Surgery included right open partial nephrectomy and resection of the paracaval mass to treat the presumed renal cell carcinoma. Pathology revealed the tumour tobe leiomyosarcoma (LMS). This is only the second documented report of an inferior vena cava LMS presenting along with an ipsilateral renal mass.
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