Varicoceles in the pediatric population: Diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes

Thomas de los Reyes, Jennifer Locke, Kourosh Afshar

Abstract


Varicocele is commonly encountered in adolescents. There are still many controversies regarding pathophysiology, health effects, clinical significance, and optimum treatment of this condition. This article reviews the current evidence pertaining to children and adolescents with varicocele. This group present a unique and somehow challenging situation, since they are still going through pubertal changes that may confound the effects of the disease and its treatment on the developing testes.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.4340